Key development goals of China's printing machiner

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The key development goal of China's printing machinery industry in the new era

during the Tenth Five Year Plan for national economic development, the national economic development has advanced by leaps and bounds, and the planned goal has been completed ahead of schedule. In 2005, the national economy grew by 9.9%, and the total import and export volume increased by 23.2%. The 28 character technical development policy formulated by China printing and equipment industry association in the last century puts forward the overall goal of doubling the printing, equipment and equipment in 2010 on the basis of 2000. As of 2004, the printing machinery and equipment has exceeded the target of the tenth five year plan, and the annual sales of major printing machinery manufacturing enterprises have increased by 70.8% over 2000

after the two national economic development periods of the ninth five year plan and the tenth five year plan, most enterprises have made considerable progress in enterprise scale and technological progress under the guidance of the 28 character policy. Some enterprises have become leaders in the industry, such as Peking University Founder, which has become a leader in the development of Prepress digital workflow and related equipment in China

beiren group company and Shanghai Electric Group Printing and Packaging Machinery Co., Ltd. have become major suppliers of domestic printing and post press processing equipment, with annual sales of more than 3 billion yuan in 2004. Of course, it has also achieved the development of a number of printing machinery manufacturing enterprises, such as Zhongjing group, Guanhua group, Duoyuan electric group, Xinji group, Zhongde group, Wutai Group, etc

major achievements achieved during the first and Tenth Five Year Plan period

1. Domestic digital prepress and printing equipment manufacturing began to start

at the end of the 20th century, the digital wave swept through the printing equipment manufacturing industry. After nearly a decade of development, digital printing machines, digital direct plate making machines, digital printing prototypes and other equipment have rapidly developed into new printing equipment markets, showing a rapid growth trend. China's printing machinery manufacturing enterprises also made some progress during the Tenth Five Year Plan period. Among them, some enterprises cooperated with foreign countries to produce large format inkjet printing machines; Some enterprises began to produce digital direct plate making equipment and put it into the market in small batches; Other enterprises have mass produced digital direct plate making equipment (polyester version), which has achieved small batch export

2. Significant progress has been made in printing efficiency and polychromism.

China has imported two products duty-free for a long time, namely, sheet fed polychromatic printing machines and web newspaper printing machines. The main technical indicators of duty-free import are sheet fed printers with a printing speed of more than 15000 sheets/hour and web newspaper printers with a printing speed of more than 60000 sheets/hour. Through the hard work of the enterprise, the printing speed of the multi-color printing machine for folio paper has reached 15000 sheets/hour. This kind of equipment has not only passed the identification, but also started mass production. The maximum printing speed of small web newspaper printing machine and medium-sized Web newspaper printing machine has reached 45000 sheets/hour and 70000~75000 sheets/hour respectively, exceeding the duty-free import line. Semi commercial and commercial web printing machines have been introduced to the market. Nearly ten enterprises have produced four-way multi-color sheet fed printing machines and small offset multi-color printing machines, and the main enterprises have carried out mass production and assembly lines. The single color, two-color and four-color series of sheet fed printing machines have been successfully developed by 2-3 enterprises, and the printing speed has reached 5000-7000 sheets/hour respectively, thus meeting the needs of packaging and printing. According to incomplete statistics, the production and sales of multicolor machines of different specifications reached more than 300 in 2004

for flexographic printing machines (unit type, laminated type, satellite type, sheet fed type), multi-color gravure printing machines with drum feeding and mixing operation, and self-adhesive trademark printing machines, dozens of domestic enterprises are also in mass production. Although the technical level and quality grade are different, they basically meet the needs of the domestic market, making the import volume decline year by year. The above equipment has begun to apply advanced technologies such as independent drive, automatic registration, ink remote control, alcohol wetting, double roll double take-up, online die cutting and bronzing, UV glazing, numerical control, etc., which have greatly improved the technical level of the equipment

3. Post press diversity and significant automation achievements

China's post press equipment has developed rapidly. Most of the post press binding equipment has been mass produced, which can basically meet the domestic market demand. Among them, the performance and technical level of the packaging machine, folding machine, horse riding binding linkage line have approached or reached the international level, and some equipment are exported. Packaging and forming equipment is a rapidly developing field of post press equipment. While meeting the needs of the domestic packaging and printing market, fully automatic flat die cutting machine and die cutting indentation bronzing machine have become one of the larger export foreign exchange earning products. The number of manufacturers of substrate processing and surface decoration equipment has increased rapidly, which not only meets the needs of the domestic market, but also exports some equipment. In addition, domestic enterprises have also begun to produce automatic paper cutters, dry and water-based laminating machines that meet environmental requirements, and cold stamping equipment with the goal of energy saving

main gap of printing equipment although the printing equipment manufacturing industry has made great achievements, the current situation of a large number of imported printing equipment shows that there are still large gaps between China's printing equipment and international advanced products, some of which are still strategic gaps, and measures should be taken to solve them

1. The task of digitizing prepress, printing and post press equipment is arduous.

the task of developing digital workflow is very arduous, which is mainly reflected in the fact that the printing equipment has not yet adopted the international standards of document formats such as CIP3, CIP4, PDF, JDF, etc., and the printing equipment has no related interfaces, let alone the manufacturing technology of related core components. If we do not take positive measures in time, the gap will continue to widen, and the wave of digital equipment import will be unstoppable

2. All imported equipment

at present, the equipment that cannot be manufactured in China include large-scale double width newspaper printing machine, wide width flexographic printing machine, high-end gravure printing machine, printing and post press connection equipment, books and periodicals hardcover linkage line, printed matter automatic production line, newspaper post press distribution equipment, etc. These equipment have not been produced by manufacturers and are almost all imported

3. The automation level needs to be improved

the automation level of printing machinery and equipment can be divided into single machine automation, online automation and auxiliary operation automation. At present, single machine automation has been realized on most printing machines and post press binding equipment. The level of auxiliary operation automation and online automation is not high, and there is a big gap compared with foreign countries

development priorities during the second and eleventh five year plan period

the 16th National Congress of the Communist Party of China put forward the strategic goal of doubling the gross national economy in 2010 and quadrupling it in 2020. To achieve this goal, China's economic growth rate must maintain an annual growth rate of more than 7%. During the new five-year plan period, the economic growth of the printing machinery industry should at least be commensurate with the development of the national economy. Therefore, the following aspects should be the focus of development

1. Improve the ability of independent innovation

in the past, the technological development of printing machinery and equipment mainly depended on the market for technology, the introduction of technology, the mutual imitation of Surveying and mapping prototypes and products between enterprises to meet the needs of the continuous improvement of printing technology. With the development of printing machinery manufacturing industry, the medium and low-grade equipment of Formosa Plastics has been localized, and the advanced technology of high-grade equipment is still in the hands of foreign enterprises, who are unwilling to transfer advanced technology. Facts have proved that even if we transfer technology, we will not be able to continue to innovate. Only by reinventing on the basis of digestion and absorption, and building a well-off society in an all-round way by 2020, and even making special inventions, can enterprises prosper and remain invincible. Therefore, increasing scientific and technological investment and establishing an effective scientific research and development mechanism are the fundamental measures for the development of enterprises. In particular, large enterprise groups should strengthen the construction of enterprise technology centers, provide a platform for innovative talents to display their talents, develop single technology to integrated technology, make use of the advantages of the combination of production, learning and research and the national policy support for enterprise innovation entities, organize strong technical forces to solve major scientific and technological problems and directional product research and development, and strategically solve the subject of sustainable development of enterprises

2. Actively research and develop digital products

at present, CTP technology continues to spread and develop in the deep field of printing equipment, which has become an irresistible development trend. The international digital direct plate making machine manufacturing industry has been industrialized, widely used in the plate making industry, and promoted to large-scale specifications. Digital direct plate making machine is also developing to flexo plate making, screen printing plate making and other fields

the machine-made digital printing machines produced by foreign manufacturers have matured. Some enterprises have gone through more than ten years of development, and their technical level has been continuously improved and perfected. The main structure of this equipment includes five drum arrangement and satellite drum arrangement. It takes only five minutes for laser plate making on the machine, and the maximum printing speed can reach 7000 ~ 8000 sheets/hour. The printing precision can reach 300 lines/inch of frequency modulation. At the same time, it can realize new technologies such as quantitative inking by roller, waterless offset printing, UV printing, etc

although some Chinese enterprises have begun to set foot in the field of digital direct plate making and inkjet digital printing machines, they have no independent intellectual property rights and core technologies. There is no enterprise in the field of digital printing press, which should attract the attention of the state and industry insiders. It is suggested that the state set up a special development fund to support the research and development of relevant national 3 enterprise technology centers based on experimental shapes and sizes, and strive to achieve the industrialization of digital direct plate making machines and the small batch production of digital printing machines during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period

3. Promote the industrialization of printing equipment

there is a view that there is no quality without appropriate scale; There is no mature service network without appropriate scale; Without appropriate scale, there will be no low-cost products. The author agrees with this formulation. On the one hand, the equipment level of the machinery manufacturing industry has reached an unprecedented level. The production of numerical control machine tools, machining centers, flexible machining systems, three coordinate inspection machines and other equipment has been industrialized. The processing quality of mechanical parts and components has been improved to an unprecedented level. The era of manually ensuring interchangeability has passed. It can be said that the design ideas of designers and equipment can be fully satisfied. On the other hand, the design of modern assembly lines has reduced the technical level requirements of individual workers and narrowed the scope of technical span. The original positions of most senior workers can be replaced by skilled workers. After the production of enterprises reaches the level of industrialization, it is no longer necessary to improve the quality and stability of parts and components by improving the tooling coefficient and using special machines, but can be solved by numerical control equipment and flexible processing lines; The assembly quality also gets rid of the situation of completely relying on the assembly personnel, mainly by improving interchangeability, reducing manual matching, and reducing the dependence on experience adjustment by sizing adjustment. Modern equipment requires a lot of funds for renovation. Without a considerable business scale and industrialized production quantity, it is simply impossible, so it is difficult to improve the quality

4. Guide the development of green environmental protection equipment

green environmental protection equipment is of great social significance to protect the ecological environment and maintain the health of operators, and should be vigorously developed. At present, China has been able to produce narrow width flexographic printing machine, corrugated paper printing slotting machine, flexographic printing line machine, quarto sheet fed flexographic printing machine, water-based laminating machine, dry laminating machine, UV glazing machine and other equipment. These green printing machines abroad have been widely used in the publishing industry,

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