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Robin Lee, Li Kaifu, Yang Haoyong: how does Chinese AI change society

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at this year's "China Development Forum" economic summit, artificial intelligence has become a hot topic for all parties. In the eyes of Robin Lee, Li Kaifu and Yang Haoyong, how does AI research develop in the late stage of dyeing? How does China's AI technology change society

Robin Lee: China changes technology

technology changes China more obviously. In the past 40 years of China's reform and opening up, people's lives have changed a lot, especially in the past 20 years, China has been constantly changing by computers, Internet and intelligence

however, when we look back at the past development path today, we also see that in a sense, China is changing the direction of world science and technology

Robin Lee mentioned two sets of data:

the number of patent applications in China has ranked first in the world for five consecutive years. The number of AI papers accounts for 25% of the world, ranking first among all countries. Financing in the field of AI accounts for more than half of the world

China's overall R & D investment will account for 2.5% of GDP this year, and the United States seems to be 2.7% or 2.8%. This data is close. In the early days, we were only a few tenths of a percent. Today, China's overall investment in research and development is actually increasing rapidly

"in those days, many of us, whether in the United States or in China, felt that today in the United States was our tomorrow. What has happened in the United States, it will happen in China. But 20 years of entrepreneurial experience tells me that this is not exactly the case. Today's China has developed many unique things." Robin Lee said at the scene

China's mobile payment is all over the world, so you can go out and spend without a wallet; O2o penetration rate is much higher than that of the United States, and you can eat almost any restaurant at home; Not to mention the popularity of e-commerce, it is not uncommon to place orders in the morning and receive goods in the afternoon. The total trading volume of the double 11 Shopping Festival is seven times that of Black Friday in the United States, and it is still growing at a high speed

Robin Lee believes that China has unique features in many places, and can make different technologies. Autonomous driving technology is an example

"China is difficult to replicate in many scenes in other parts of the world. We can use these scenes to push technology to a more cutting-edge position." Therefore, baidu opened the source code of autonomous driving in 2017, cooperated with more than 130 enterprises, and tens of thousands of developers are in the Apollo open ecosystem

Robin Lee also stressed that the automobile industry is not an independent industry, but a part of the traffic problem. It is impossible for all cars to become driverless overnight, which requires solving the problem of vehicle road coordination and improving travel efficiency

"as you know, China is a big manufacturing country. The biggest pressure we face today is how to transform and upgrade the so-called real economy, how to be innovation driven, and how to be intelligent +." Robin Lee believes that if China, a large manufacturing country, uses intelligent methods to improve its efficiency, the space will be very large and the demand will be very strong

taking 3C products as an example, many of them require human eyes to inspect the quality of these parts during the assembly process, and many of them are very small. The devices for phone assembly and plug-in are very small, so it is difficult to detect whether the quality is qualified by human eyes. Generally speaking, skilled workers have to rest after working for two hours. However, using computer vision to make a machine integrating software and hardware, one equipment is equivalent to ten skilled workers, and its quality is higher than that of manpower, and its floor area is smaller

except manufacturing, all enterprises are facing the problems of transformation and upgrading, innovation driven and efficiency improvement

"in China, we should make full use of the advantages of data, scene, talent, capital and infrastructure to push this innovation forward. These innovations can be used not only by China, but also by the world. Through large-scale and big data, we can create big opportunities and let China contribute technology belonging to the world to the world." Robin Lee said

Kai Fu Li: AI reshapes society

Kai Fu Li mentioned that "ai+" will become the most important trend in the future. China has 17 artificial intelligence unicorns, which we are very proud of. At the scene, he also raised six questions about how AI can reshape the society

first, how much value is AI. PwC and McKinsey have done some research and concluded that they can create a value of 100trillion yuan in the next 11 years. At the beginning, we said that AI is a black technology, which only top doctors can do, and then expand to various vertical fields. These drooping fruits are almost taken

second, AI has begun to become a product, and it is difficult to sell products, because each company has different needs, and we are in this stage now

we will see that the income growth of these companies will be slow. Next, artificial intelligence and Internet are the same. At the beginning, Internet companies were of great value, and we still remember the great value of these companies. But then slowly, every company is learning about interconnection. Finally, every company has an interconnection department, and finally, every department must have interconnection

AI is the same process. As AI gradually enters the mainstream from a very sophisticated and top-level black technology. In the mainstream process, the last and biggest beneficiary should be traditional industries

third, what role can the government play in the growth of AI? First, it is certainly good for the government to support technology, but the government should pay more attention to the popularization of AI. Ai+ will become the most important trend in the future. Second, our AI talents, colleges and universities are generally difficult to cultivate relevant AI engineer talents. The Chinese government has made a very wise decision. China's approach is to promote AI first, and then deal with it after finding problems

fourth, AI will bring the most privacy problems. When I think of privacy, I want to think of gdpr made in the European Union when I buy a camera. Gdpr is an incomplete design, which slows down AI and allows users to choose which stations and functions I am willing to authorize. Users can't do such tedious things. The Chinese government has made a policy that the transfer and sale of data will be severely punished, so that the Facebook incident will not happen in China

fifth, some people think that AI will bring a lot of unemployment, and all jobs are gone. Some companies say no, AI will only help mankind. The answer is all wrong. We should consider creativity and caring. Low caring and low creative work will be completely replaced

sixth, is there a universal model of AI governance? Here I want to say to the foreign guests here, in fact, what the West particularly cares about is individualism, but in fact, many countries in the East are collectivist countries, and we will never have a way to govern the world

everyone has different views on privacy, personal protection, the importance of fire safety classification of thermal insulation materials, and the ranking of individuals, society and countries. So let's not dream of a universal model. Of course, there are many intersections between the East and the West. We should use the method of seeking common ground while reserving differences to reach a certain degree of consensus

Yang Haoyong: AI reshapes the value chain of the used car industry

the direct sale mode of "no middlemen earn price difference" combines artificial intelligence with "people", so that consumers can pay for experience inefficiency to one-stop high-quality services. "Take the melon seed used car platform as an example, the price is all completed by the intelligent system, which can cover 16000 cars of 200 brands." Yang Haoyong said at the scene

in his view, with the rapid iteration, self enhancement and extensibility of artificial intelligence, China's used car industry has crossed the rule-based expert system, directly entered the era of artificial intelligence based on machine learning and deep learning from the industry stage of relying on the experience of old masters as productivity, and achieved 30 years of catching up and surpassing the used car industry in developed countries in only three years

people's experience cannot be copied on a large scale. In the previous domestic traditional used car trading market, the vehicle condition and price were opaque, and the user trust was very low. Basically, they only did one-off business. "It will take at least six years to cultivate a teacher who can price, and he can only see 10 brands and more than 100 cars."

therefore, the result of artificial intelligence replacing teachers is the rapid standardization and large-scale of the industry. Yang Haoyong revealed that in the past three years, he has accumulated the most complete and largest data, collected a large amount of data through intelligent terminals, mapped it online, and guided the offline behavior through the optimization structure given by the algorithm, forming a closed loop at the data level, constantly optimizing and iterating, which is called "mirror theory"

the trading of used cars and the exponential improvement of service efficiency will benefit consumers; After breaking the experience barrier of the old master, the industry entered the infrastructure reconstruction, from selling low value-added transaction value to high value-added services. The industry has expanded from simple transactions to industrialized diversified services, covering finance, insurance, maintenance, new cars, and car rental

in Yang Haoyong's view, the deep application of artificial intelligence has promoted the reconstruction of efficiency and experience in the used car industry. Consumers have realized the expansion from a single industry to an industrial cluster from paying for experience and low efficiency to paying for one-stop high-quality services

AI accelerates the industrial process and realizes intergenerational leapfrog development. In the future, "it will accelerate the circulation of Chinese cars, reduce the threshold for Chinese families to use cars, and significantly stimulate the happiness index and social consumption"

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